This historic breed hails from Lofoten Archipelago in northern Norway, specificallyon the tiny island of Værøy. They were secluded on this island for centuries and there is speculation that perhaps they even survived the Ice Age.
The Lundehund was almost extinct in the mid-20th century. This was a result of an outbreak of distemper, first during World War II and again in the early 1960s. This caused a significant decrease in the numbers of Lundies. In fact, in 1963, there were only 6 Lundehunds known alive in the world!
The Lundehund was first brought to the US in 1987. Since this time, US breeders, following the breeding guidelines of the Norsk Lundehund Klubb, have helped expand the breed. Current estimates number the world-wide population at approximately 2,000, 150-200 of which are here in the US.